The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) agreed in October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan will enter into force on October 12 2014. The protocol finally reached 51 of 50 required ratifications to enter into force. Against the background of the Biodiversity and Community Health (BaCH) Initiative’s work on linking biodiversity, health, traditional knowledge and livelihoods, the protocol plays an important role towards achieving international development goals. Through implementing the Nagoya Protocol the international community hopes to “create incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity while guaranteeing equity in the sharing of benefits” (CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias). The first meeting of parties to the protocol will be held during the upcoming twelfth Conference of Parties of the CBD from 13-17 October in Pyeongchang, South Korea.